How do Solar Panels Work?

I’m sure that you all have an idea of what solar energy is, although,for those that aren’t sure, it is energy that is captured from the sun and converted into electricity. This electricity can be used in homesteads, businesses, or institutions. This is green energy being that there are no green gases that are emitted into the environment. There is also the fact that it is renewable energy that solely relies on the sun. The process through which the sun’s rays are converted into electricity is what puzzles many. In this article, we are going to take a look at how solar panels work.

The solar panel is made up of multiple cells, while multiple panels create a solar array. Electrons are knocked out of the atoms when solar cells are hit by photons. There are negative and positive conductors attached to the cells, bringing about an electrical circuit. The electrons, in turn, run through the electrical circuit to form electricity. The more the panels, the more the electricity that can be generated.

What are Solar Panels Made of?

Many solar cells create a photovoltaic (PV) solar panel, whereby the composition of the solar cells is silicon, which acts as a semiconductor. The solar cells create an electric field due to the positive and negative layers they have.

How Do Solar Panels Generate Electricity?

Direct current (DC) is generated by the panels, such that electrons move around a circuit in one direction. In an alternating current, on the other hand, the electrons move back and forth in a push and pull sort of action. When it comes to transmission, AC power is cheaper over a long distance. That is why we need an inverter to convert DC electricity into AC electricity. You can get more about solar technology on

How do Solar Panels Work?

What Does a Solar Inverter Do?

It converts DC electricity into AC electricity, as well as providing stats related to the AC and Dc circuits.

How Does a Solar Panel System Work?

The solar panel is most likely on the roof and therefore acts as a receptor of the sunlight. The panels absorb solar energy and convert it into direct current (DC). The DC current flows out of the solar panels and into an inverter, which in turn converts it to alternating current (AC), which you can then use. Click here to learn more about roofing technologies.

What if you’re not able to use the electricity right away?

In the event that it is a sunny day and the energy produced is more than you can use, the excess energy is redirected into the electricity grid system for credit, which can be used when you need electricity at night when there is no sunlight. There is a net meter that records the sent and received energy in the grid.


Understanding how the solar system works can be quite a tricky affair for many as we look at some of the terms used. It is,however, a really simple process once you understand how it works. Solar energy is the way to go today and should be adopted by households that wish to save money on electricity.